Birkat Hamazon, Meein Shalosh, Boreh Nefashot & Bracha Achrona: Nusach Ashkenaz, Sefarad, Edot Hamizrach & Teiman – provided for the public benefit. Learn how to sing the blessings for grace after meals. Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon known in English as the Grace After Meals is a set of Hebrew blessings that Jewish Halakha (“collective body of Jewish.

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Retrieved 16 August Additional sections are added on special occasions. Some practice it as a binding halachahothers as an optional custom, and others do not practice it at all. It contains the four essential blessings in a somewhat shortened form, with fewer preliminaries and additions.

Retrieved from ” https: At the conclusion of birkat hamazona further seven special blessings are recited. This article needs additional citations for verification. When one hundred are present, the leader says “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose we have eaten and of Whose goodness we have lived”, and the group responds “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose we have eaten, and of Whose goodness we have lived.

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Birkas Hamazon – ברכת המזון (Bentching) – Grace After Meals –

Accordingly, women forming a zimmun and leading birkat hamazon has become increasingly common in Modern Orthodox circles. Unlike in Conservative or Reform Judaismeven Orthodox authorities who hold that women can form a zimmun maintain that one cannot be formed from a combination of men and women. The practice of a cup of blessing is mentioned in the Talmud. On Jewish holidaysthe ya’aleh ve-Yavo paragraph is added and on Shabbat the retzei paragraph is recited, both just before the end of the third blessing.

If one forgets Retzei or ya’aleh ve-Yavoone inserts a short blessing before the fourth blessing. In particular, the Italian version preserves the ancient practice of commencing the second paragraph with Nachamenu on Shabbat. All of these texts follow the same structure described above, but the wording varies.


It is a mitzvah de-‘oraita Aramaic: It is sufficient to wash until the second joint of the fingers. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. In liberal branches of Judaism, there is no standard text to be recited and customs vary accordingly. There is a practice in many Orthodox communities to wash the hands before reciting birkat hamazon. It is held that this, though a chovah duty[9] is not a mitzvah a commandmentas the practice was instituted for health reasons specifically, to avoid the danger of touching the eyes with harmful salts.

An additional abbreviated form of birkat hamazon in Ladino, called Ya Comimosmay also be said.

Birkat Hamazon

List of Jewish prayers and blessings. Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon Hebrew: Traditionally, the cover of the bencher is customized to reflect the event. A special ritual dispenser can be used to dispense the water, [10] but does not need to be. A Zimmun of 10 is called a Zimmun B’Shem. At birkat hamazon concluding the celebratory meal of a brit milah ritual circumcisionadditional introductory lines, known as Nodeh Leshimchaare added at the beginning and special ha-Rachaman prayers are inserted.

If one forgets al ha-Nissimone does not repeat Birkat Hamazon, although one recites a special Harachaman toward the very end, followed by the paragraph Bimeiwhich describes the respective holidays.

In other projects Wikisource. Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings.

The scriptural source for the requirement to say birkat hamazon is Deuteronomy 8: Shacharit Preparation Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings.

Hebrew words and phrases Jewish prayer and ritual texts Jewish blessings Positive Mitzvoth. The Talmud relates that at the time of the Resurrection of the Deada special feast will take place. If this prayer is also forgotten, nothing need be done. There is therefore no blessing said for this washing.

Birkat Hamazon – Wikipedia

If this is also forgotten, then at the first two meals of Shabbat and major holidays with the possible exception of the Rosh Hashanah day mealone must repeat the entire Birkat Hamazon. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Although sometimes done at ordinary meals, it is more commonly done on Shabbat and Jewish Holidaysand almost universally done at meals celebrating special events.


According to the one opinion in the Talmud Berakhot 49bthere are special versions of the zimmun if birkat hamazon is said by at least one hundred, one thousand or ten thousand seated at one meal. Psalm 27 Avinu Malkeinu Selichot.

This invitation is called a zimmun. There are several known texts for birkat hamazon.

It is customary for the person leading the zimmun to recite bkrchas blessings over a cup of wine called the kos shel beracha hajazon of blessing. Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Pages using deprecated image syntax Articles containing Yiddish-language text. This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat When birkat hamazon takes place at the Sheva Brachot seven blessings following a traditional Jewish marriagespecial opening lines reflecting the joy of the occasion are added to the zimmun invitation to grace beginning with Devai Haser.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

AbrahamIsaacJacobMoses and Joshua will all claim unworthiness to lead the grace and the Cup of Blessing will pass to King Davidwho will accept the honour. The length of the different Birkat hamazon can vary considerably, from benching under half a minute to more than 5 minutes. Many Sephardi Jewsespecially Spanish and Portuguese Jews often sing a hymn in Spanish not Ladino as is commonly assumedcalled Bendigamosbefore or after birkat hamazon.

Although the Talmud states that women are obligated to say birkat hamazon and that accordingly, three women can constitute a zimmun and lead it Berachot 45blater authorities, such as Maimonides and the Mishnah Berurahheld that women were exempt from leading a zimmun on grounds that women were not generally sufficiently educated to know how.