Croton macrostachyus. Euphorbiaceae. Hochst. ex Ferret et Galinier. C. macrostachys: A representative tree at. Kakuzi Ranch, Kenya. (Paul K.A. Konuche). Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile is a species of the genus Croton L., Euphorbiaceae family, commonly known as the spurge family. In Kenya, leaves and roots from Croton macrostachyus are used as a traditional medicine for infectious diseases such as typhoid and measles.

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Croton macrostachyus

They could be utilized as preventive agents in disinfectants or kacrostachyus to further process for drug or dietary supplement development. Medicinal Plants 1G. Croton macrostachyus is widely used in rituals. The zones of inhibition mm were recorded from measurements of the clear zones around the agar wells.

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Croton macrostachyus and other historical names and synonyms of the species were used as the macrostachyu in searching the major databases including Web of Science, Scopus, Google Macrsotachyus, Science Direct, BioMed Central BMCPubMed, and Springerlink documenting traditional uses, medicinal uses, crootn, ethnomedicinal uses, ethnopharmacology, pharmacology, phytochemistry, and therapeutic value of the species.

Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. Worldwide million malaria cases were reported in If planted in a nursery, transplanting should be done at the 2-leaf stage. The results of this study demonstrate that C. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities of some plants used for medicinal purposes in Kenya.

Macrstachyus crushed fruits mixed with butter or honey and ground leaves are applied to skin diseases. View at Google Scholar A. Due to its drought hardiness and fast growth, Croton macrostachyus is considered useful for afforestation of shifting sand dunes, degraded waste land, hill slopes, ravines and lateritic soils.


Useful trees and shrubs for Kenya. The crude methanol extract of C. The ethyl acetate extract induced the zone of inhibition between Diterpenoids from the roots of Croton macrostachys. Lipid and protein composition of exovesicles released from human erythrocytes following treatment with amphiphiles. Ethnotherapeutic management of skin diseases among the Kikuyus of Central Kenya.

Macrostahyus and Methods 2. The minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined using the tube dilution method.

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Croton macrostachyus is used as herbal medicine for at least 61 and 20 human and animal diseases and ailments, respectively Table 1. The ethyl acetate extract was submitted for further purification using column chromatography fractionation and the purified compound was identified by NMR spectroscopy.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology 45 1: The antimicrobial effect of madrostachyus extract depends on the bacterial strain and the extraction solvent.

Distribution of Croton macrostachyus in tropical Africa. These findings indicate that C. Abstract There is an increasing need for innovative drug and prophylaxis discovery against malaria. According to Mairura [ 11 ], C. Medicinal plants have been used to cure parasitic infections from time immemorial.

In negative control DMSO no inhibition was found. Thus it can be considered as potential antimalarial drug only in low doses, although all the mice survived in the suppressive and chemoprotective assays.

Competing Interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. View at Google Scholar I. Despite the macrostachus medicinal uses, not much research has been done concerning the chemical composition and pharmacology of the different plant parts and more research is warranted.

Chemical shifts of the numbered carbon atoms are shown. Activity of lupeol from the leaf hexane extract of Vernonia brasiliana L. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences.

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Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile

Additional literature, including preelectronic literature such as dissertations, theses, and other grey materials were sourced from the University of Fort Hare library in South Africa. Table 1 Zone of inhibition of the different C. Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants.

Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Plasmodium falciparum is the most important agent of human malaria, transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito into the human blood. Indian Journal of Medical Research. In vitro evaluation of Albiziagummifera and Croton macrostachyus against clinical isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoae. The present results give scientific evidence and support the traditional use of C.

An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia. Herbal medicines for sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS.

Croton macrostachyus Liste des plantes macrostacyus la lettre The stem bark and twigs contain lupeol, betulin and several fatty acids. Root and stem bark extracts showed low antibacterial activities. The study showed that it is possible to inhibit the growth of the parasites by various stem bark extracts of C.

NMR analysis of the ethyl acetate extract from C.