Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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The wood is pale brown or pink, darkening to orange, hard, with fine texture and conspicuous annual rings.

West African Plants – A Photo Guide – Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Bees commonly visit the flowers for nectar and pollen. Direct seeding is possible. There are citation in scholarly articles related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. A bark decoction is widely taken to treat pulmonary affections, including tuberculosis; it is also used as a steam bath, alone or with the fruits, to treat breathing difficulties and colds. A methanolic leaf extract showed very high radical scavenging activity, comparable to tocopherol.

Root sap and fruit juice are used as hymenoxardia drops to treat earache and also to treat toothache.


Hymenocardia acida

A Review Author s: Citation in web searches. In vitro antiplasmodial activity and cytotoxicity of ethnobotanically selected Ivorian plants. There are 20 citations in Afrirefs related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. Preliminary studies of the chemistry of Hymenocardia acida showed the presence of saponins.

An aqueous stem bark extract showed hymdnocardia anti-ulcer activity against induced gastric lesions in rats. Seeds compressed circular, c.

Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenocardia acida var. acida

Yymenocardia the root bark the cyclopeptide alkaloid hymenocardine was isolated. More or less throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal to Ethiopia and south to Angola, central Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The leaves can be harvested during the rainy season, as the species is deciduous. Hymenocardia acida is widely distributed throughout tropical Africa, and is locally common. Leaf sap is also used as ear drops to treat otitis. Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9 4 Pages – The areas requiring further research on this plant becomes easily identifiable, thus avoiding duplication, wastage of man hour and resources.

Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Methanol extracts from the root bark exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against 60 human cell lines of the National Cancer Institute of the United States.

In West and Central Africa, the wood is considered brittle, and not much used as a timber.


In southern Africa steam inhalations from the root powder are considered cleansing for the stomach. Fruit flattened, with 2 wings, forming a distinct V-shape, red when ripe, hairless.

In Sierra Leone the leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat ophthalmia. In East and southern Africa the wood is known for its hardness and resistance to termites; it is used to make house posts, poles, pestles and tool handles.

West African Plants

Hymenocardia acida fruiting branch. Free radical humenocardia activity of some Nigerian medicinal plant extracts. A fresh root decoction is also taken to treat haemorrhoids. Derivation of specific name: Shrub or small tree. A leaf decoction or leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat eye infections; together with honey they are taken to treat gall bladder problems and fever, and also as a bath to treat fever and haemorrhoids. Bark smooth, light brown to grey, flaking to reveal a powdery rufous-brown underbark.

Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Young leafy shoots of Hymenocardia acida are sometimes eaten as a condiment. A review of plant species used to treat conjunctivitis.