A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the system of jagirs was retained by Rajput and Sikh kingdoms, and later . The Mughals continued the Jagirdari system while making slight changes to the way they ruled. Under Mughals, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect taxes. Jāgīrdār system: Jagirdar system, a form of land tenancy developed in India during The early Mughal emperors (16th century) wished to abolish it, preferring to.

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This site uses cookies. Generally, the jama jagirdzri land revenue, in-land transit duties, port customs and other taxes too. These positions, according to Shakti Kak, were called patwaritahsildaramilfotedarmunsifqanungochaudhridewan and others.

Click here to sign up. This kept the jagirdar in loss, if they were in areas where Rabi cultivation was taking place as the prices were less than Kharif. Again in the yearthe Mansabdars were divided jatirdari three classes, first, second and the third.

Jagirdari System | Ramita Udayashankar –

The Diwan of the suba was supposed to prevent the oppression of the peasants by the Syshem. From —Akbar brought all the jagirs under Khalisa and then re-assigned them. Thank you for your feedback. Second, he obtained from the nawab the practical exemption…. Marketing, the sum of activities involved in directing the flow of goods and services from producers….

Regarding the meaning and nature of sawar there is no unanimity of opinion. Under the regime of Akbar, Mansabdari system became the basis of military and civil administration.


Further, those Mansabdars, who were paid in cash, were called Naqdi and those paid through Jagirs were called Mugjals. Faujdar used to help the Jagirdas if they faced any difficulty in the collection of revenue. The foundation jagirdaei jagirdari system was laid by Akbar; although in rudimentary form it was evolved by Sher Shah Suri. However, none of the assignments was permanent or hereditary. Mashrut Jagirs, which were given to a person on certain conditions and resumed after fulfilment of conditions of allotment.

The areas assigned were generally called jagir, and its holder as jagirdar. In the beginning and up topersonal pay and the size of the contingent was represented by single rank of jat but fromboth the Jat mighals sawar ranks began to decide the position and status of the Mansabdar.

Mughal Jagirdari System

The Jagirdar collected the revenue through his own officials like Karkun, Amir and Fotedar. It suited the Mughal Empire especially from 17th century onwards for the smooth functioning of the jagirdari system. The system was an adaptation of an existing agrarian system by the early sultans of Delhi.

Assignment of a piece of land to an individual for the purpose of collection of revenue in lieu of cash salary is an age-old practice in India. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Watan jagirs, which were assigned to zamindars chieftains in their homelands. Help us improve this article!

Some Hindu jagirdars were converted into Muslim vassal states under Mughal systtem sway, such as the nawwabs of Kurnool.

Role of Mansabdari and Jagirdari System During Mughal Empire

Please try again later. There were various types of Jagirs. The Jagirdari system was an integral part of the mansabdari system which developed under Akbar and underwent certain changes during the reign of his successors. Abul Fazl states that Akbar provided 66 grades of Mansabdars ranging from commanders of 10 horsemen to 10, horsemen but he gives a list of 33 grades of Mansabdars.


According to Irfan Habib, jagir was land revenue assignment in lieu of cash salaries according to the rank of jagirdar and his mansab. He even continued some donations to Hindu temples. Though in theory, the Mansabdari position was open to all, in practice, the Mughals gave importance to heredity factor and as such Khanzads or house-born and Zamindars were given preference along with Turanis, Iranis, Afghans, Rajputs and Marathas and the Deccanis by Aurangzeb in particular for military reasons.

Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Since only some mansabdars received jagir, therefore, they were assigned only the right to collect taxes assessed on that stipulated area. The appointment letter of Mathabarsingh Thapa issued late on Ashwin Badi 7, i. We also come across the term Zamindars besides Mansabdars and Jagirdars in the official Mughal records.

On the other hand, if it was less than the salary claim the short fall was paid from the treasury. The jagir grants were of several kinds and were known by different names, including jagiran area of neighboring towns or villages with an administrative paigahagraharumlimukasainamand maktha.